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Interesting coyote/wolf article!

Discussion in 'The Taxidermy Industry' started by B.S.O'Hare, Oct 30, 2015.

  1. B.S.O'Hare

    B.S.O'Hare Member

    Pretty sure we have discussed this here before, and all you easterners knew this, but it's pretty cool!
  2. wctaxidermy1

    wctaxidermy1 Member

    Very interesting!

  3. B.S.O'Hare

    B.S.O'Hare Member

    more on this...
  4. jim tucker

    jim tucker Active Member

    Yes, we knew it yet those in our state that were supposed to be "experts" denied that these existed. More than one hunter in my area has been attacked or chased by a packs of these animals. The BIGGEST issue I see with these cross breeds is a total lack of fear of humans. They breed like rabbits and can decimate a deer population in no time.
  5. Glenn M

    Glenn M Well-Known Member

    I can't see the OP 's link, it doesn't come up.
    This is from 1981


    Published: March 3, 1981



    The eerie nighttime howls that are being sporadically heard more and more often near suburban homes in the eastern United States are signs to wildlife biologists that the coyote, which once freely roamed eastern America in the Pleistocene Epoch and later was driven out, has returned.

    But the animal, which began migrating eastward from the western United States some 80 years ago, is now believed to have evolved into a new subspecies, known as the eastern coyote, that is larger and different from its forebears, the common, or western, coyotes. And scientists who have studied the history and habits of the eastern variety think they now know when and how the animals migrated and the routes they followed on their hegira across nearly half the continent.

    Although there are no accurate population estimates for the eastern coyote, wildlife experts have noted that in recent years reports of their presence have been received from observers in every state east of the Mississippi. Their numbers have multiplied and spread throughout the eastern states to the extent that they have recently been seen or heard in metropolitan areas in New York, New Jersey, Connecticut and Pennsylvania.

    Coyotes are shy and wary of humans, but in Mt. Kisco, N. Y., Henry Caracciolo found a coyote last year that had been caught in the trap lines that he had used for snaring muskrat, raccoon and fox. It was the first time Mr. Caracciolo had caught a coyote in 50 years of trapping.

    Charles Smith, a hunter in Putnam County, N.Y., says he now sees many coyotes in the woods and fields surrounding his home and has occasionally been able to observe their activities.

    One day, while out hunting, Mr. Smith recalls that he saw a coyote that was hunting, too. ''I stood and watched the coyote on the lower end of the field hunting mice while sheep were on the other end of the field. They just ignored each other,'' he reported. Another time he was out in the woods with a chainsaw and he felt that somebody was watching him. He then saw a coyote about 50 or 60 feet away. The coyote watched him for about five minutes and seemed as curious about Mr. Smith as he was about the animal.

    Coyotes (Canis latrans) are close cousins of the wolf (Canis lupus) and dog (Canis familiaris). The eastern variety is generally believed to be a cross between the small Algonquin wolf and the common western coyote. The eastern animals look like small German shepherds, with relatively small fox-like heads and jaws, and with very small paws. They are about one-fourth larger than the western coyote. Scientists now believe that the larger eastern coyote subspecies evolved during their eastward migration over the last 80 years. Disinheriting the Wolf

    John L. George, professor of wildlife management at The Pennsylvania State University in University Park, noted that for many centuries there were no coyotes in the eastern states until the early 1900's. Before then wolves, which preyed on the smaller coyote, were predominant. But settlers had leveled many of the forests for farmland, killing beaver, martens and fishers in the process. Thus the wolves were deprived of both their food and their environment and they were extirpated in the East.

    ''When the wolves disappeared,'' Dr. George explained in an interview, ''they left an ecological niche that the coyotes filled.'' The coyotes filled it by migrating across frozen rivers in the winter and by overland routes in all seasons.

    And though there are no hard data that indicate why the coyotes have spread so far so fast, most researchers of wild canines agree on the routes the animals took during their trek. A comprehensive study of the history and ecology of the eastern coyote recently completed by Helen McGinnis, a wildlife biologist at Penn State, indicates that the eastward range expansion of the western coyote was accomplished by a variety of methods and routes.

    In addition to directly crossing frozen rivers in the midwest, the coyotes also dispersed north around the Great Lakes into southern Ontario and from there into Quebec and into New York, New England and New Brunswick, the study shows. And the researcher noted that some coyotes that had been imported from the west, perhaps as pets, were released or escaped at scattered localities.

    Studies by Dr. George and others indicate that during their migrations coyotes would occasionally breed with wolves and dogs as well as other coyotes. But the so-called hybrid coydog has been found to lack the breeding vigor of pure coyote, wolf and dog strains, he said. The present subspecies that has evolved, believed to have inherited some genes from the Algonquin wolf, has been shown to have good breeding qualities - including high fertility and a preference for bearing pups at environmentally favorable times - that have enabled it to survive and multiply in the East.

    Coyotes are regarded as pests by many farmers and ranchers in the west and in some eastern areas where they may occasionally raid a chicken coop. They are known to prey on unprotected lambs as well as small animals in the wild. But wildlife groups point out that their diet, which consists mainly of insects, mice, rats, rabbits, carrion and fruits and berries, is much more varied than that of wolves.

    Wildlife protection groups maintain that the coyote is not the menace to ranchers, farmers or other wildlife that it is often claimed to be and note that coyotes, which do not travel in packs, rarely kill deer but will scavenge deer carrion. Protection for Livestock

    The Defenders of Wildlife, the Washington-based wildlife conservation organization, has made a study which indicates that proper livestock husbandry by western farmers and sheep ranchers would reduce coyote predation to one or two percent a year.

    This could be accomplished, they believe, with the use of protected lambing sheds by sheep raisers, use of electric fences or coyote-proof barriers and the greater employment of trained guard dogs.

    Dr. George said there was a paradoxical situation that might eventually be a threat to the eastern coyote. He pointed out that much of the land that had been cleared by 1900 in the East had been allowed to return to its original wooded state, once again offering cover and food for wolves. This, he said, has already resulted in the recent sighting of wolves in eastern Canada and New England, indicating that they, too, may be returning.

    The wolf, of course, is the mortal enemy of the coyote. Bayard Webster
  6. Glenn M

    Glenn M Well-Known Member

    This one looks like the one in the second link, it was normal yote size though. I don't see any difference in coyotes size around here.

    Attached Files:

  7. EA

    EA Well-Known Member

    I made a post on here a few yrs back. I was in my treestand archery hunting when a small buck ran by me. A short time later, what I thought was a coyote ran by me hot on the deers trail. Right behind the "coyote" was a white mutt.

    Then I started to question whether the first dog was a coyote after all. It all happened so quickly, I only got a short moment to see the dogs and didn't have time to shoot at either. First dog sure looked like a coyote to me, but the white dog was pretty white and based on that short glimpse it didn't appear to be in the wild for much time.

    I wish I could have gotten an arrow in the first one. The area has a lot of coyotes and I don't think any domestic mutt would last long. It was intersting to see anyway.